Components of a Secure and Efficient Parcel Locker System

Automation Technology10 mins readMon, Jan 23, 2023
Arka custom designed electronic board

Package locker systems are becoming increasingly important as more and more consumers turn to online shopping. They offer a safe, secure, and efficient way to receive goods without the need for direct contact with delivery personnel. They are typically found in public places such as apartment buildings, shopping centers, and university campuses, and are used by individuals, businesses, and delivery companies to securely store and retrieve packages at their convenience.

To ensure that the system is secure and efficient, several components need to be taken into consideration when designing such a system. In this blog post, we'll discuss the components of a secure and efficient parcel locker system. We'll explain how each component contributes to the security and efficiency of the system so that you can make an informed decision when designing your parcel locker system.

The construction of parcel lockers can vary depending on the specific model and manufacturer, but most parcel lockers consist of the following components:

Storage Unit

The parcel storage unit is the main component of the locker, where parcels are stored and retrieved. It is constructed out of metal or plastic and composed of several compartments, with each compartment being secured by a lock. The purpose of these compartments is to store different-sized packages safely and securely. 

Automated Door

To ensure secure and easy access to the parcel locker, an automated metal or plastic door is installed which consists of a keypad for entering codes, as well as an electronic doorway designed specifically for locking and unlocking the compartments. By utilizing their own unique code on the keypad, users can quickly and securely gain access to what’s inside.

Magnetic Door Locks

Magnetic door locks are used in parcel lockers to secure the compartments and control access. The locks consist of two parts—a magnet and a switch. When someone enters their code into the keypad, the magnetic field produces an electric current that activates the switch, allowing them to open the door. The strength of these magnetic doors can be adjusted to increase the security of the locker, making them ideal for secure parcel storage. Additionally, they are designed to be tamper-proof and can also be programmed with different access codes for multiple users. 


Security is always a priority, and parcel lockers are no exception. Cameras with infrared LEDs capture images even in the darkest of conditions and can be programmed to detect motion and sound, acting as an additional layer of protection for both packages stored inside the locker as well as those nearby. Our system guarantees that only permitted personnel can access parcels, offering a sense of assurance to all users.

Touchscreen Display

Most parcel lockers come with a touchscreen display that provides users with information on how to use the locker, as well as any other important notices or instructions. The screens can also be used to contact customer service and provide real-time updates on deliveries. By having this information readily available, it makes accessing and managing packages quicker and more convenient

RFID Readers

Utilizing RFID readers offers a simple, secure way to recognize parcels and authorized users. This system consists of two components—a reader which the signal is transmitted from and tags or labels that contain unique identification information. When this reader detects the tag on the package, it sends out an electric current connected to details about the specific user which then permits access for said individual promptly. Therefore, with RFID readers you can provide easy and protected access for your authorized clients in no time!

Barcode and QR-code Scanner

Barcodes and QR codes are ubiquitous in the modern world, making them an ideal choice for parcel locker systems. With a barcode or QR-code scanner, users can easily scan the code on their package to gain access to their parcel locker. This makes it fast and simple for both authorized personnel and delivery companies alike. Additionally, the scanner itself is programmed to detect any discrepancies, preventing any unauthorized access attempts. 


The keypad offers users secure access to their locker by requiring a unique code. Every button on the pad consists of different numbers or letters, and when the right combination is entered correctly, an electric signal triggers which unlock the closet. Furthermore, every code is programmable so safety can be improved as codes are changed frequently; this deters any unwanted attempts at accessing your belongings.

Payment Terminals

Many parcel lockers have payment terminals built-in so customers can pay for their delivery. This makes it easier for those who need to purchase something quickly or are on the go. Payment terminals also help operators manage their finances more efficiently and reduce costs associated with handling cash. 

Biometric Readers

Biometric readers are the most advanced security solutions as they protect you from theft and fraud. These readers use unique characteristics such as fingerprints or retinal scans to verify user identity for access to parcel lockers. This ensures that no one else can access the locker without the rightful owner’s permission, adding an extra layer of privacy and security.

Alarm systems

An alarm system is an invaluable protection to guarantee the safety of your packages, personnel, and facilities. Comprised of state-of-the-art pressure or motion sensors, this warning device triggers immediately in response to any potential security breaches. Furthermore, users can be notified through text or email if their package has been tampered with without authorization so that they are instantly aware of the situation!


Controllers serve as a crucial tool in maintaining the security of parcel lockers, diligently controlling and regulating all components such as sensors, cameras, RFID readers, keypads, and alarms. These controllers send electric signals to activate each component when needed and actively monitor usage for any indications of unauthorized access. Without them, in place, one can never be certain about the safety of the parcels stored inside these lockers.

Connectivity components - Ethernet, Wi-Fi, GSM/GPRS, Bluetooth

Apart from the physical components of parcel lockers, connectivity technology is necessary for system optimization. Communication protocols such as Ethernet, Wi-Fi, GSM/GPRS, and Bluetooth make it easier to connect your locker with other devices. This allows you to access real-time information about the status of your parcels and monitor usage remotely. Moreover, these protocols ensure secure data transmission and prevent any leakage of confidential information. 

LED Lighting Systems

Exploring dark areas can be difficult, but LED lighting systems make it easier to find lockers with their bright illumination. Not only do they offer more visibility and reduce maintenance costs, but they are also connected to motion sensors so that they automatically switch on when someone is nearby. Plus, LEDs consume less energy than traditional incandescent bulbs while lasting longer thus making them a cost-efficient option for any locker system.

Motion Detectors

Motion detectors are excellent additions to parcel lockers, providing an additional layer of protection by automatically alerting personnel if someone is tampering with the locker or any nearby packages. These devices use infrared technology to detect motion and can be programmed for certain levels of sensitivity; this ensures that only legitimate movement triggers the alarm. Thus, you are able to secure your packages and maintain control of your locker system with ease.

Pressure Sensors

Pressure sensors are utilized to identify when a package is inserted into or taken out of the locker. These pressure sensors consist of two components--a sensor and a switch. When anyone places something in the locker, it triggers the pressure on the sensor, thus activating and sending an electric signal from the switch which updates both user information and the inventory system for parcel lockers in real time. As such, users as well as delivery companies can track their packages without difficulty at any given moment.

Environmental Sensors

In addition to motion and sound sensors, parcel lockers can be outfitted with environmental sensors that detect temperature, pressure, air quality, and other conditions. Not only do they ensure the packages stored inside are safe from theft or damage in any weather condition, but they also alert staff if an urgent situation arises so that action can be taken quickly. With these sensors, you can guarantee a safe and secure environment for your parcel lockers and provide peace of mind as well as a sense of assurance to all users.

Solar Panels

Solar panels are becoming more and more popular in the locker industry as they are an ideal choice for energy-efficient and cost-saving solutions. These photovoltaic panels capture sunlight to generate electric current, thus providing power to autonomous parcel lockers without any need for additional wiring or external power sources. Furthermore, solar panels have a long lifespan and require minimal maintenance, making them an excellent long-term investment for any locker system.

Cooling System

To deliver the same quality of service as a human-staffed locker system, cooling systems are essential for parcel lockers. These systems regulate the temperature inside the locker and protect packages from extreme heat during hot summer months. By maintaining optimal conditions, these cooling systems extend package shelf life and provide better customer satisfaction. 

Power Supply

The power supply is the backbone of any locker system—without it, none of the other components can function. Ensuring a continuous and reliable source of energy is essential to maintain efficient performance and minimize downtime. With modern battery technology, you can provide your lockers with a dependable source of power without having to worry about frequent maintenance or manual recharging. Furthermore, renewable energy options such as solar power are becoming increasingly available, providing yet another cost-effective and eco-friendly solution for your locker system’s power supply. 

Battery Backup

Parcel lockers need an uninterrupted power supply to ensure that they remain operational and secure. A battery backup system provides this by supplying power when there is a power outage or interruption in service. This helps ensure that packages remain safe and secure even during a power outage. Additionally, many parcel lockers have solar panels to provide an additional source of power and ensure that the locker remains operational even in remote areas. 


Software is used to manage the overall operation of the locker system. It helps track usage and maintain a database of authorized users, as well as provides remote access for delivery personnel. Additionally, the software can be used to customize settings such as access codes, security levels, and alarm triggers. This makes it easier for users to set up and manage their parcel lockers, giving them greater control over the security of their packages. 


This is just a brief overview of the various types of sensors and software used in parcel lockers. By understanding their functions, you can make an informed decision about which ones best suit your needs. With the right combination of technologies, you can ensure that your locker system remains secure and efficient for years to come. 

Additionally, with the help of tracking systems and software, you can ensure that customers will receive their packages quickly and securely. By investing in these technologies for your package locker system, you can provide an unbeatable customer experience and take your business to the next level. 

If you are looking for an advanced, secure, and efficient system for your parcel locker needs, then Arka's Industrial Automation is the right choice. Our range of quality parcel lockers provide many of the features mentioned above and more, so you can be sure that your packages will be safe and secure with us. Contact Arka today to learn more about how our parcel lockers can help you take your business to the next level.